How can I protect my espaliered fruit trees from critters?

Just got an apple tree, Grade 1, from Cummins that is about 5 ft tall and has a number of branches already on it. How do I prune it to make it into an espalier?

Hi Vlad - did you mean to ask about how to prune it or how to protect from critters? The title says critters but your Q is about pruning.

It would help if you post a few pics of the tree.



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I will start this in another thread.