To fill in the details a little more:
I thought you might have meant Duchess’s Favorite when you listed Dutchess and that one I have described as:
England - 1863, late, large red skinned fruit. Named after the Duchess of York. Crisp, sweet, tasty red and white flesh.
Gray Pearmain - Maine - 1880. Delicious dessert apple with a distinct pear flavor and firm white juicy mildly tart flesh. Medium sized fruit has a soft opaque greenish-yellow skin with a rosy pink blush, a russet veil, and a greyish bloom.
Hudson’s Golden Gem - Oregon - 1931, Large, elongated, high quality fruit. Smooth, dull yellow russet skin with a very long stem. Excellent dessert apple with a pear-like flavor. Discovered as a seedling along a fence row. Ripens in early October.
Lady - France - 1628, maybe Roman era? Traditionally the Lady apple was used in Christmas decorations and stockings. Small, smooth, creamy yellow fruit with glossy red cheek, borne often in clusters. Crisp, juicy, fine-grained, pure white flesh. Also makes excellent cider. Spur bearing.
Mollie’s Delicious - New Jersey - 1948. A very good to excellent early apple ripening. Fruits are large to very large, conical in shape with a pinkish red color. Has an exceptionally pleasing aftertaste. Golden Delicious / Gravenstein) x (Edgewood / Close). Not a sport of Delicious. Spur bearing.
Ortley - Originated in New Jersey, USA in the orchard of Michael Ortley. Described in 1817 as Woolman’s Long Pippin. Re-named Ortley in 1825. In 1872, the commercial synonym Cleopatra came into use. Fruits have tender, very juicy flesh with a pleasant mild flavor.
Summer Rambo - France - 1535, Rambour is a French name given to certain varieties of red apples of a large size. Fruit is crisp, very juicy, yellow, breaking flesh, a great apple for early season eating out of hand and also good for sauce. Large red fruit, bright striped.
Yellow Newtown - New York - early 1700’s, mid, large fruit is at first dull green, but changing as it ripens to a fine olive green, or greenish yellow, with a reddish boush. Flesh is yellowish white tinged with green, firm, crisp, very juicy, with a rich and highly aromatic flavor. A favorite of George Washington. Spur bearing.
Jeneting - Is probably Fall Jenneting and that one is from Connecticutt - pre 1846. Early to mid dessert and cooking apple. Moderately firm, fine, crisp, tender, juicy, sprightly, subacid.
Shackleford - heirloom from the Palouse region of Washington