I agree, it would be nice to have a good source for this information. I have learned a lot from storing various apples but am not writing it down consistently. Some books have good information, I think Burford’s book for example does and many of the old apple books have both a harvest date and an eating window - you pick at the harvest date, put in cold storage, and eat in the eating window.
PS here is an illustration of how much good information is in old books - here is Apples of New York (1904) on Golden Russet. I have boldfaced the bits on storage.
Among the russets which are grown in Central and Western New
York the Golden Russet ranks second only to Roxbury in com-
mercial importance. In other portions of the state it has been less
extensively planted. In recent years the season of good red winter
apples has been extended by means of cold storage with the result
that long keeping russet apples are less profitable than they were
formerly. This is undoubtedly one reason why Golden Russet is
now grown less extensively than it formerly was. It is an excellent storage variety, sells well in the general market and is particularly
in demand for shipment to Northwestern and Southern markets and
for export. The fruit is not large but is pretty smooth and uniform.
When grown in favorable locations and properly treated for the
control of injurious insects and diseases there is comparatively little
loss from culls. The fruit hangs well to the tree till loosened by
frost. It is borne on the ends of the branches making it hard to pick.
This habit and the smallness of the fruit make the picking and pack-
ing comparatively expensive. The fruit is particularly desirable for home use during the spring months before small fruits ripen, being then excellent for dessert and culinary uses. It makes good evaporated stock and is excellent for
cider and stock food. The tree is hardy. In favorable locations it
is a reliable cropper, bearing regularly after it reaches maturity. It
is usually classed as a biennial bearer, but in some cases it is nearly
an annual bearer.
… Season December to April or later.
Well, it may be. But I have had Liberties stored in air tight bags for four or even five months and had them hold well. Condensation formed, it is true, and sometimes even froze, but I couldn’t see that it caused any damage.
Most apple varieties probably keep best at the low temp (slightly below freezing). Honeycrisp is a very uncooperative storage apple that the experts say is best stored slightly above freezing.
I doubt you need to have a wet towel in a no frost freezer.
Nowadays I think Goldrush will make a much better culinary apple than Golden Russet in the following spring, but by then neither one will have a whole lot of acid zing. Russet never does. Guess you can add some lemon.
And I’m using my huge chest freezer for storing frozen peppers, nectarines, blueberries… keeping it as close to zero as possible. I just keep apples in a defrost refrig because the temp fluctuated too much using that system.
I wrestled with managing a freezer turned down for apple storage. It was a small, cheap chest freezer and I found that it chilled very unevenly, sometimes freezing one corner while leaving another not really cold enough. So I used a little styrofoam, and added slats inside the keep the fruit from touching the sides, and also, I think, to improve circulation.
Then the freezer died and is now in recycling heaven; we went and bought a small fridge. But I think I was on the right track. I almost think a person needs fans to circulate in those things if you don’t want to just freeze everything solid, which is what it’s expected to do!