Which rootstocks are prone to runting?

Which rootstocks are prone to having their attached trees runt if fruiting is allowed to happen too early?

I’ve read that it’s mostly the smaller rootstocks and have seen M27 mentioned specifically.

Which others can also do this and how much of a danger is it for them?

Let me try making this more specific and maybe I’ll get some replies.

M27 can runt. How likely / common is this (on average or in general) if the first year’s fruit aren’t either removed or thinned?

Bud 9: Is it prone to runting? If so, how prone is it?

M26: Is it prone to runting? If so, how prone is it?

The smaller of the new Geneva rootstocks: Are they prone to runting? If so, how prone is it?

Are stone fruits pretty safe, even if they are on dwarfing rootstock (e.g., cherries on Gisela-5)?

I bench grafted Liberty on Geneva 30 and let it fruit too soon. Looks like it’s permanently five feet tall, runted. I suspect this is as much due to Liberty than rootstock.

All of the above is the answer if I correctly remember my discussion with Alan. He might post later on and sort things out. Here are some factors that I consider which are not very specific.

Rootstock vigor
Vigor of scion
If allowed to fruit early
Environment such as fertile soil