Hardy rootstock choices

I’ve been doing alot of reading about rootstocks and was wondering what the experts opinions are about wild plum or a saint julian rootstock for a beginner. In the end I want peaches and plums but everyone I know has problems with peaches so I’d rather just have a few scions on my plum for experimenting while still enjoying plums that I feel might be an easier rootstock to deal with. My soil also has pretty heavy clay I’ve been amending yearly with compost and wanted something that was adapted for that soil and not have to amend it too much. Thanks for any input and the wealth of knowledge this forum offers

I think wild plum would work for your situation, but I would plant it on a raised mound if your soil stays wet. I’ve grafted peaches, hybrid and asian plums to Prunus Americana but can’t remember if euro plums work. You also can consider Krymsk 1 rootstock. Raintree has them this year. Consensus is it works with all plums and some peaches. I have bench grafted a handful of peaches to K1 and all have taken.


I agree with @ztom

You could use Adara plum as in interstem for grafting peaches to be safe if choosing Prunus americana. I have some Adara wood if you need it.

Adara is graft compatible with many prunus species including European plums, Asian plums, sweet cherries, peaches, nectarines, pluots, apriums, apricots, almonds, and nanking cherries.

Prunus americana will also naturally dwarf your trees which can be good. It picks up speed though and you’ll be pruning your trees annually and moderately-heavily your cultivars on P. americana.

A very knowledgable home horticulturalst member has many apricots directly on Prunus americana w/o problems near or beyond year 10. I have ‘Hoyt Montrose’ apricot grafted to americana and it looks pretty good after 2-3 years.

What else I can tell you about P. americana and overly vigorous cultivars grafted to it is that the unions are very out of proportion. My pluot ‘Flavor Queen’ has this issue. Most other hybrid stonefruits look fine. That Flavor Queen has exceptional vigor and it has shown so.

It never hurts to mound new-plantings, but I don’t think it to be a necessity.

You seem to me to know a lot about hort. in general with the few words posted. You know not to amend unless absolutely necessary, and that’s saying a lot.

I don’t recall the parameters for St. Julian. I once read about it and figured out from the group quickly that it’s more of a west coast rootstock. If I remember a Pacific Northwest rootstock. Probably a good choice for northern California where the redwoods are; maybe San Francisco since there’s a lot of water in the air there, too. And they have Redwoods. Long Island where you are I’d assume is very mild and moist too. Like I say, St. Julian has kind of taken off my radar and I didn’t read up upon to write this post.

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Thank you very much for the generous offer and I may take you up on that offer next spring. This season I was planning on just planting my rootstock and practice grafting my mulberry to itself.

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