Published today in a neighborhood monthly newspaper; beginning of Portland-area fruit orchards 50 years after Lewis&Clark Expedition. Article sticks mainly to fruit production and development, occasionally strays to genealogy.
None of these pioneering orchardists retired from the business, but eventually sold their acreage. Mr. Bing himself could not return to the US from China.
$1.50 a pound for apples in the 1850s !