I have been working to propagate some of the less common apple rootstocks. I am particularly interested in a few that can be cloned by hardwood cuttings or by stooling like G65, G11, Novole, and Bud490.
From a passing interest in interstems, I had a number of harder to find dwarfs but I abandoned most of those after deciding I didn’t have time or space to keep messing with interstems. I only kept a couple trees of Geneva 65 on MM111 in case I change my mind. Here is one of those with a few apples on it.
I got Bud490 and Novole scions from the USDA GRIN collection. I have a Novole on B118 in my orchard as a source of scionwood or hardwood cuttings. I put Bud490 onto a B118, an M7, and an M111. The B118 went into my orchard to a cutting source. I decided to layer the M7 and M111 trees to produce a stoolbed. Since Bud490 has red leaves and purple bark, I will be able to sort those from the M111 and M7. The 2 year old M111 and 1 year old M7 tree both had a few feathered branches. I wish I’d prepped the site ahead of time but I had some time to transplant last fall so I just went ahead and did it. It dug a hole for the rootstock and a trench under the sod so I could lay the tree down on its side.I was able to plant with the feathered branches sticking up out of the soil. I was surprised my young trees decided to flower and have set fruit and nothing has yet bother the apples. I won’t try stooling anything until next year. Here are some photos of the Bud490.