I am from Azerbaijan, at the moment our agricultural sector rapidly growing. I am going to plant flat peaches and nectarines. In our country wild extended PSB’s varieties of peaches and nectarines. Could you please advice me the varieties of flat peaches and nectarines from PSB’s collection with best characteristics do any body have experience with above mentioned producer. I will be appreciate any kind off provided information it will be very valuable.
It is run by the Buffat family, with Philippe Buffat, as company director.
I know the PSB varieties quite well, since I have some of them in my orchard, but the most important thing is that I have professional friends with their varieties on their farms, and they know perfectly all the PSB varieties.
The question you ask “what are your best varieties of peaches and nectarines” is a bit abstract, since the number of varieties of peaches, flat peaches, nectarines, and flat nectarines is super-extensive.
If you tell me if you are interested in early harvest, seasonal, or late harvest varieties, I could recommend more carefully.
If you are interested in Pavias (peaches with yellow skin, firm flesh and very aromatic).
This type of peaches:
I already tell you that the varieties of Provedo nursery are the best in the world, and I think that Provedo also has distribution in your country.
Personally, I like the Provedo varieties of all types of fruit genus more than the PSB ones.
Maybe because they are the best for your location. Here, I find that the breeding programs closest to my climate create the most dependable varieties, and often about the best tasting… as grown here. There are many exceptions though. Redgold nectarine was developed in CA but is a top 3 nect for me in my climate, so I’d love to try some of your favorites if scionwood ever gets imported here. I may be wrong, but I suspect that Europeans are more attuned to their palates than the citizens of my own country tend to be, although we are getting better.
Good peaches, with the right rootstock, adapt quite well to a fairly wide climatic range.
It is true that in climates with high humidity, the peach tree presents fungal problems, but in ideal climates for its cultivation, the new varieties are wonderful.
I don’t feel a predilection for Spanish breeders, because I’m Spanish (that would be real hypocrisy), I like good peaches from all good breeders.
Paul Friday, in his PF series peach program, has some very very good varieties, the Estellar series has some excellent varieties, the Zaiger Royal and Sweet series has some wonderful peach varieties, some varieties bred by CREA in Rome (Italy), they are very good, some varieties of peaches, especially flat peaches from the French breeder ASF-Maillard , are exceptional.
In Spain we have quite a few stone fruit breeders:
PSB Plant Production
And some others that I’m sure I forgot.
The interesting thing about the breeder Provedo is its line of fruit trees with an “Extreme” flavor.
They are characterized by very high brix levels, very low acidity, and very powerful flavors, which make their varieties an authentic delight.
Provedo has a strong presence in the United States, at a commercial level for large plantations, and has a delegation in the United States.
I’ve yet to taste a low acid peach that gets high enough brix in my humid climate to appeal to my tastes. Where we get a lot of rain and grey skies during the growing season, getting high sugar can be daunting. For nectarines it can be cracking that kills the crop. Low acid high brix nects get sweet enough to be good but our conditions make the harvests poor, or have in my own orchard. Only Carene has worked fairly well for me, I guess because it ripens before wasp populations get too high. They destroy the fruit of high brix- low acid nects before they reach high quality. Acid seems to be a bit of a pest repellent and over 20 brix an attractant. .
I am appreciate for your quick response.
Regarding of features of flat peach and nectarines I am looking for early and middle early harvesting variates with good brix level 15>, attractive color and fruit size, high flavors and cracking resistance fungal low susceptibility appreciate. The rootstock is very important there are a lot of varieties suggested by plant producers which one do you suggest? The place has heavy kind of soil and the ground water level is deep enough. The temperature in day time in summer time high enough 30-35 C the night temperature is 18-20C. Rains enough in spring time, night frost stops after end of the March. Hope i provide enough information for first understanding of my requirements. If you need additional information i am ready to provide it.