The pears you may not have heard of and should consider growing

@7catcmom

The list is very long. Here is a little information

" A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE “ASIAN PEAR”

Asian pear has a long and rich history that can be traced back to Ancient China.

This fruit has been enjoyed by people worldwide for centuries, and its health benefits are well known. Let’s explore the brief but fascinating history of the Asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia), a member of the Rosaceae family, which also includes apples, cherries, and quinces.

The fruit is native to China and has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. The first recorded mention was in 28 BC when Chinese philosopher and politician Dong Zhongshu wrote about the fruit in his work "Lunheng."During the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD), the Asian pear became a popular symbol of prosperity and good fortune.

The fruit was often given as a gift to government officials and nobles. In Japanese culture, the Asian pear is known as the “fruit of longevity” due to its long shelf life.

Buddhist monks who traveled to China introduced the fruit to Japan in the 8th century. During the Edo Period (1603–1868), the Asian pear became a popular snack food in Japan. The fruit was often eaten sliced and dipped in soy sauce. Today, known as nashi, it is still a popular food in Japan.

The Asian pear was introduced to Europe during the 16th century when Portuguese traders brought the fruit back from China. The first recorded mention of the Asian pear in Europe was in 1597 when Italian botanist Andrea Cesalpino wrote about the fruit in his work “De Plantis.” It quickly became a popular European garden plant and was introduced to North America in the early 1800s."

When asked which asian pears are the best you might find many lists like this

" 9 of the Best Asian Pear Varieties

  1. 20th Century
  2. Chojuro
  3. Drippin’ Honey
  4. Hosui
  5. Kosui
  6. Niitaka
  7. Olympic Giant
  8. Shinseiki
  9. Yoinashi"

This is an old post you might enjoy

These are less well known and still little is known about them NCGR-Corvallis: Pyrus Catalog

" NCGR-Corvallis Pyrus Catalog

Asian Cultivars

Note: Scions cannot be certified free of Erwinia amylovora

Follow links to the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) for additional accession information.

Catalog last updated: 10 March 2016

NCGR-Corvallis Distribution Policies

Traits listed are intended for preliminary subgrouping of accessions. Traits are from germplasm release notices, published reports, or observations made at NCGR-Corvallis.

  • Pedigree: old pear local selection from Liaoning and Hebei Provinces
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: MM-2003, Negative: NP-1988 PV-1988
  • Traits: VERY LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), HEIRLOOM
  • Pedigree: Recived from Kazakhstan, where they are used as pear rootstocks. Originated in China.
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: NP-2003, Negative: PV-2001
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: NP-1999 PV-1999
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Chieh Li x Jap. Gold. Russet
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1991 Pyronia-1988 V.Crab-1991
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT, PEAR DECLINE SUSCEPTIBLE
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003 PV-1998
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: TOMRSV-1986, Uncertain: ASGV-1989
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: LA62-1983 M.micromalus-1995 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1987
  • Traits: VERY LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, PERRY POTENTIAL, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1988 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1991
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, LOW CHILL, HEIRLOOM, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012), FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT
  • Traits: CURATOR CHOICE, LATE RIPE, HIGH FRUIT QUALITY
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1996 NP-1992 PV-1991
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Asahi x Kitsukawasei
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, SCAB RESISTANT, EARLY RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003 PV-1999
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: selection from Liaoning Province
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1991, Uncertain: VC-1989
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Kikusui x Tsu Li
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003 PV-2001
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1999 NP-2001 PV-2001
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, LATE RIPE
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1995 PV-1995
  • Traits: HEIRLOOM, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Pedigree: Seedling of cultivar Guar Li grown from seed collected in China by F.C. Reimer in 1917
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2002 PV-2001
  • Pedigree: Seedling of cultivar Nijusseki
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1990 Pyronia-1985
  • Traits: VIRUS INDICATOR, SCAB RESISTANT, ANEUPLOID (flow cytometry 2013), DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2014)
  • Pedigree: Seedling of cultivar Nijusseiki
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1985 Pyronia-1990
  • Traits: VIRUS INDICATOR
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: PV-2003
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 M.micromalus-1998 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985
  • Traits: MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: Probably a seedling selection
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1989 Pyronia-1988, Uncertain: Bosc-1989 M.micromalus-2003
  • Traits: COLD HARDY, MILDEW RESISTANT, LOW CHILL, EARLY BLOOM, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Selection of seed-propagated variety from China
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-2003 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1987
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, COLD HARDY, MILDEW RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: very old cultivar from Liaoning (northeast) China
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1993 PV-1993
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, HEIRLOOM
  • Pedigree: Hawaii x Jap. Gold. Russet
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: B13-1983 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1987
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Hawaii x Jap. Gold. Russet
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1996 NP-1992 PV-1992
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: PV-2001, Uncertain: ASGV-1999
  • Traits: LOW CHILL
  • Virus Biological Assays - Uncertain: NP-2003
  • Traits: Larger than Korla Xiong Li
  • Pedigree: (Kikusi x Yakumo) x Yakumo
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1991, Uncertain: MM-2000
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), CURATOR CHOICE, DNA Standard
  • Pedigree: very old cultivar from Liaoning (northeast) China
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: P.Crassane-1983 Vein Yellows-1985, Negative: V.Crab-1988, Uncertain: Bosc-1989
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: old selection from Shandong Province complex hybrid of ussuriensis (x bretschneideri)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1989
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1991
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: P. ussuriensis x P. phaeocarpa complex hybrid of ussuriensis (x bretschneideri)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: P.Crassane-1983 Vein Yellows-1985, Negative: Bosc-1987 Pyronia-2002, Uncertain: M.micromalus-2003
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-1997 N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1984 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Nijisseiki x Doitsu
  • Virus Biological Assays - Uncertain: NP-2004
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1995 PV-1996, Uncertain: MM-1996
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Jap. Gold. Russet x Mikado
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: TOMRSV-1986
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1985
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT, PEAR DECLINE SUSCEPTIBLE
  • Pedigree: Japanese Golden Russett x Mikado
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1987
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, SCAB RESISTANT, PEAR DECLINE SUSCEPTIBLE
  • Pedigree: O.P. seedling from market fruit purchased in Antu, Jilin, China
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2014)
  • Pedigree: Collected at a market in Antu, Jilin, China
  • Traits: LATE RIPE
  • Pedigree: Collected from the wild in Pakistan
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2002 PV-2002
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Traits: NOT COLD HARDY, FRUIT HARD and only fit for donkeys
  • Pedigree: Taihaku x Nijisseiki
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1998 PV-1998
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: Shinkozo x Doitsu
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2003
  • Traits: EARLY RIPE
  • Pedigree: Nijusseiki x P. communis European Cultivar
  • Virus Lab Assays - Uncertain: ASGV-1989
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1987 Pyronia-1987, Uncertain: M.micromalus-1995
  • Pedigree: Ishiiwase x Yakumo
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1990 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Ishiiwase x Yakumo
  • Traits: BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2002 NP-1989 PV-1989
  • Traits: MILDEW RESISTANT, LOW CHILL, EARLY BLOOM, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: FRAGRANT PEAR
  • Pedigree: old cultivar from northeast China
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1988 N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1984 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: NP-1998 PV-1998
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, LOW CHILL
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1998 PV-1998
  • Pedigree: old local cultivar from northeast China
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1995 PV-1995
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 M.micromalus-2002 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1988
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, MILDEW RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2014)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1988
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, POLYPLOID (3x flow cytometry 2013)
  • Pedigree: seedling selection from Liaoning
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1991 PV-1991
  • Traits: MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), PERRY POTENTIAL, HEIRLOOM
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-2002 N.Poiteau-1985 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1991 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: VERY LATE RIPE, LOW CHILL, NOT COLD HARDY, MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2002 PV-2002
  • Traits: LOW CHILL, NOT COLD HARDY
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2004
  • Pedigree: Amanogawa x Imamuraaki
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-1998 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1992
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: Chance seedling
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1987 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1984 V.Crab-1988, Uncertain: M.micromalus-2003
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), HEIRLOOM
  • Pedigree: Chance seedling
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: TOMRSV-1988
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: N.Poiteau-1987 Pyronia-1987, Negative: P.Crassane-1985
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, HEIRLOOM
  • Pedigree: Seedling selection
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1988 V.Crab-1988, Uncertain: Bosc-1989
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, COLD HARDY, SCAB RESISTANT
  • Pedigree: Seedling of cultivar Wasesankichi
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: M.micromalus-1995 V.Crab-1989, Negative: Bosc-1987 N.Poiteau-1985 Pyronia-1984
  • Traits: VERY LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, HEIRLOOM
  • Pedigree: old selection from Beijing Region
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-2002 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1984 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: P. ussuriensis x P. phaeocarpa
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1991 PV-1989
  • Pedigree: old selection from Jiling Province
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2002 NP-1991 PV-1991
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, MILDEW RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, LOW CHILL, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-1996 N.Poiteau-1987 Pyronia-1987 V.Crab-1992
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Nijiseiki x Chojuro
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1987 M.micromalus-2002 Pyronia-1988 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT SUSCEPTIBLE, SCAB RESISTANT, LARGE FRUIT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2002 NP-1990 PV-1991
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Seedling selection from OP seed of cultivar Shi-Hua-Li
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1990 Pyronia-1993
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Kikusui x Tse Li
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: NP-2002 PV-2002
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Suisei x Shinko
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1989 PV-1987
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Nijiesiki x Chojuro
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: APMV-1987 PBCVd-2000 PNRSV-1987
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1988, Uncertain: M.micromalus-2003
  • Traits: BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, COLD HARDY, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Pedigree: Kikusui x Kimizukawase
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: CURATOR CHOICE, EARLY RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: PV-2003, Uncertain: NP-2004
  • Traits: LATE BLOOM, LONG STORAGE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985
  • Traits: PERRY POTENTIAL, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2003 NP-1989 PV-1987
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LOW CHILL, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Developed from native P. hondoensis
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1988 Pyronia-1988, Uncertain: M.micromalus-2003
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, ANCIENT, HEIRLOOM , DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: SMALL FRUIT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1987 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Kikusui x Yakumo
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 Pyronia-1989 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: BLACK SPOT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: Pyronia-1991, Negative: Bosc-1989 N.Poiteau-1988 P.Crassane-1985
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Recived from Kazakhstan, where they are used as pear rootstocks. Originated in China.
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Traits: ROOTSTOCK, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1989 PV-1990
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: P.Crassane-1984, Negative: Bosc-1989 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: old selection from North China
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1996 NP-1995 PV-1995
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, POLYPLOID (3x flow cytometry 2013)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: N.Poiteau-1985, Negative: Bosc-1988 P.Crassane-1984 V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1990 PV-1991, Uncertain: MM-2003
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1988
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: local selection from Tse County, Shandong Province complex hybrid of ussuriensis (x bretschneideri)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1989 M.micromalus-2002 N.Poiteau-1990 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985 V.Crab-1991
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, ANCIENT, HEIRLOOM , LOW CHILL 500 hrs, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, PSYLLA RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: M.micromalus-2003 N.Poiteau-1987, Negative: V.Crab-1988
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, ANCIENT, HEIRLOOM , LOW CHILL 500 hrs, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, PSYLLA RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Traits: ANCIENT, HEIRLOOM , LOW CHILL 500 hrs, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, PSYLLA RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1992 PV-1991
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1989 PV-1989
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Recived from Kazakhstan, where they are used as pear rootstocks. Originated in China.
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: NP-2003
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, ROOTSTOCK, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-2003
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: selection of Pyrus pyrifolia
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-1998 NP-1999 PV-1998
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Uncertain: PV-2003
  • Traits: DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: old selection from the wild in Northeast China
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: MM-2002 NP-1992 PV-1992
  • Traits: FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, MILDEW RESISTANT, SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: M.micromalus-2003 N.Poiteau-1987 Pyronia-1987
  • Traits: LATE RIPE, FIRE BLIGHT RESISTANT, LOW CHILL 500 hrs, PSYLLA RESISTANT, EARLY BLOOM, MILDEW RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry), SCAB RESISTANT (Australia)
  • Pedigree: Reimer suspected P. ussuriensis x P. phaeocarpa
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: N.Poiteau-1992 P.Crassane-1984 Pyronia-1985
  • Traits: HEIRLOOM, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Pedigree: Akaho x Nijisseiki
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: Bosc-1988 Pyronia-1988
  • Traits: VERY LARGE FRUIT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Biological Assays - Positive: Pyronia-1987, Negative: N.Poiteau-1987
  • Traits: VERY LATE RIPE, DIPLOID (flow cytometry 2012)
  • Virus Lab Assays - Negative: PBCVd-2000
  • Virus Biological Assays - Negative: NP-1998 PV-1999, Uncertain: MM-2003
  • Traits: SCAB RESISTANT, DIPLOID (flow cytometry)"
4 Likes

How have your ‘Gourmet’ pears turned out for you? I’ve seen it listed as communis x pyrifolia x ussuriensis, wondered if it bears out that parentage in your opinion.

3 Likes

This list should be added for the disease resistant pears.

4 Likes

I have found one review of Arganche Pear… and looks as if only one nursery sells trees (Raintree). Not sure if anyone on this forum grows it…

This dreamy little guy hails from Macedonia and ripens to pear perfection in July, which is quite early for a pear. A creamy texture, juicy body and pronounced sweetness make this pear a must-have for any orchard, though it’s tough to find a nursery source.

6 Likes

Stark Sugarsweet Pear-

Someone tried to figure it out the cultivar on houzz years ago… of course Stark keeps their cards close to their vest.

Here are some clues for your thoughts-

  1. Stark says- Originates in France.
  2. They say ‘best tasting pear’ in their offices.

Some possible clues-
1)Aurora Pear- One of its parents is a French variety. Marguerite Merillat (so i guess it does ‘originate’ in France).

2)Aurora was reviewed by Cummins Nursery as ’ Exceptionally high quality–maybe the world’s best’ Similar to Stark’s review.

Aurora was released in 1964… and is way off patent…pretty obscure as well. In that time frame it could have also been grown in France and possibly sold to Stark unbeknownst to them. Or possibly planned that way for trademark purposes.

Or it could be kind of like the OGW persimmons…where they just change the name to something that sounds better.

Scott reviewed Aurora in 2016… and one guy showed pics of leaves of Sugarsweet in 2015.

Regardless…it is fairly odd that nobody really grows or talks about two of the ‘best tasting’ and ‘worlds best’ pears in the US.

1 Like

people talk about the “best pears” all the time

paragon3

paragon

paragon2

there is a thread on paragon pears

it is fire-blight susceptible (understandable since parents are Comice x Max Red Bartlett)

3 Likes

I think ‘best pears’ on west coast vs east coast are two different stories… in the same way that West Coast blackberries vs East Coast blackberries have different stories.

We are of course talking about European pears for the most part…

Paragon was susceptible to FB in this west coast orchard review.

1 Like

yes and you could be right

Purvis is in ID and he also says it is “one of our favorites”

I am growing Paragon but there are many delicious I would like to grow besides Paragon

1 Like

I think part of the reason not many people talk about Arganche and Aurora is they are summer pears - early and like summer apples, there are better ones later in the year (most fall apples are better). I think Aurora is great but think there are better ones later (Comice etc)

1 Like

Aurora has the storage life going for it… which lets u eat pears from August into the new year.

I think thats handy for these freak weather events… and a handy tree to have in case another cultivar has issues with spring or fall.

In the same way that its worth growing Warren in case of severe fire blight… at least it wont kill the tree.

Probably not the best choices for a small growing space but another tool in the toolbox if you have the room to grow them.

Arganche would be a good choice for someone into fine dessert pears with a finer palate i think.

1 Like

This grower has experienced FB in PA.

“My father says he won’t plant another Bartlett tree in his life,” Kauffman said. “It’s a wonderful pear all around, but it’s had significant problems with fire blight over the last two decades.”

instead…
" so they decided to plant more Harrow Sweet and other resistant varieties, including Shenandoah, Sunrise, Blake’s Pride, Gem and, more recently, Cold Snap."

tree spacing is 4 feet.

5 Likes

Since this thread is about pears you may not have heard, about you may want to visit a thread I started a little over a week ago. Pear Harvest 2003. I’m going to attempt to post pictures and brief comments as I harvest my 90+ varieties that are fruiting this year. As of today, 8/12/2023, we are just starting the Bartlett season. I don’t have a Bartlett tree but have the Nye Russet strain and it is probably a week from maturity. Fruit are dropping on my neighbor’s Bartlett.

Someone mentioned fireblight on Paragon. I had a strike in 2022 (a bad blight year here) and lost the central leader of a small tree on OHxF87. That tree has always had small fruit but a graft on calleryana has a good crop of very good-looking well sized fruit this year.

3 Likes

If you don’t mind killing the squirrels, the Kania 2000 squirrel trap works like a charm, amazing trap

I absolutely love my Ya Li pear and am SO glad I planted one. It is physically beautiful with the leaf shape it’s just different I love it.

1 Like

Hello my friend. Please can you tell me something about Hong Yiungli pear?
Thanks!

1 Like

@Luisport

I dont have much i can tell you unfortunately but the USDA says this " Taxonomy:

Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai

Top Name:

Hong Yiungli

Origin:

Donated – Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, China

Maintained:

Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis

Received by NPGS:

05 Feb 1990

Improvement Status:

Landrace

Form Received:

Cutting"

I can help a little with the chinese but not much. When searching for the pear in Chinese we must first understand what means pear in chinese which is li. So ya li really means ya pear. We addto that by saying ya li pear we are really saying ya pear pear. Drop the li from all Chinese pears and search by the name only. Pal li is really pai and so on. Hong Yiungli is likely really Hong Yiung. Yiung means young. Finally “From Chinese 虹 (hóng) meaning “rainbow”, 弘 (hóng) meaning “enlarge, expand, great” (which is usually only masculine) or 鸿 (hóng) meaning “wild swan, great, vast” (also usually only masculine).”

Meaning, origin and history of the name Hong - Behind the Name.

1 Like

Thank you very much. I have it growing… the leaves are very pretty, small and redish.

1 Like

I would guess it has red striped fruit like a rainbow. Here is a comparable pear Yu Hong - Red Striped Chinese Pear

Im not an expert on Chinese but i know words like li by experience.

2 Likes

Well but the leaves don’t have nothing to do regarding Ju Hong or Red Zaosu… i have both. I will take a pic.

1 Like

Hong Yiungli

Yulu

Green Zaosu Li

3 Likes