2020 Grafting Thread


#361

Yes, one needs to be diligent about rubbing off rootstock growth every couple of days. The rootstock normally gives up once the graft has a couple inches of strong growth. Looks like I’ll have at least 1 of most varieties I tried grafting this year. I’m never so optimistic with persimmons so I made 2-3 of everything.


#362

I am used to rubbing offrootstock growths with all grafts I’ve done. I have to say persimmon rootstocks are darn persistent. The growths keep coming back so often.


#363

That’s what I did last year and then had 12 of them to find homes for later! It’s like there are rules you need to follow like temperatures and rootstock growth but then they offer you nice straight wood and determination to grow. I have much better luck with persimmons than I do jujubes. @mamuang puts me to shame grafting jujubes. I suck at jujube grafting!!!


#364

I guess it’s beginner’s luck with my jujubes. They took 100% with no aftercare other than aluminum foil heat shields. They were only hard in that the wood is impossible to cut.

Junebugs and persimmon psylla keep trying to eat my new grafts!

@k8tpayaso I ended up giving away my extra persimmon grafts from last year to my friends’ parents. They love eating persimmons.


#365

I’ve had a lot of insect pressure too. Some are budding back out but I can’t find a way en mass to prevent it. I tried neem but the psylla laughed at that. Got my sevin out and just before spraying found a baby walking stick and figured there were more so I just couldn’t.

I have not been able to get any of my friends or family to take persimmon. One girl at work loves them but she said she’s not going to plant a tree! I may have to look harder because I certainly didn’t have problems on FB finding people that wanted them.


#366

@k8tpayaso,
I think I got lucky because I grafted on established trees. My 6 grafts this year all took, too.

You’ve grafted on rootstock in pots, right? I think those young rootstocks may have been busy trying to establish their roots and do not have enough energy to push growth.


#367

I’ve done both. 50% takes on both. I do blame some of my potted rootstock though…not because of roots but because they are small and have knarly trunks. I’ve gotta blame something!!! Lol. I think I’m having difficulty matching cambium…duh…of course. But I just think I’m not seeing it right or something. My takes are growing fabulously well though…well, except one of them and I’m not sure I’m counting it as a take…:wink:


#368

@k8tpayaso
The ones in the trash cans are the rootstock you sent me. They are growing good. Only one graft has given me trouble but thats because i didnt notice the new growth beneath the graft. The scion is still green so i think it still has a chance.
The small pots are rootstock from Ky division of forestry that i had to grow out a extra year to graft and some are still too small.
The varieties are.
3 Nakitas Gift
2 Saijo (possibly 3)
2 Rosseyanka
1 Hachiya

@8bdeepsand some of the grafts i did with your scions.

Thanks again!


#369

Looking great!!! Thanks for sharing. I’ve had good luck with the ones I grafted too. There were two that failed and I blamed it on the rootstock—well, you have to blame it on something!!!


#370

I’m definitely at 248 successful however, I have more to pot up continuing on presently and those that will pop. Nuts are still gonna be at 40% (complete guess, really) of the Genus: Carya. Walnut still at pretty much zero. This is all bench-grafting of persimmon, pawpaw, and Carya and Juglans . . .

persimmon are simple. I think I’ll stick with them and do some evaluating and abandonment of nut trees however certain cultivars must and should be continued, always, naturally & of course.

So, I’m really tired. It’s been 6 months + at this… lots of building with a fortunate winter for zone 5b. I think the lowest on record. etc. etc.

Dax

P.s. pears are simple; persimmon super-easy; pawpaw probably 75% if you’re paying attention (still of course bench grafting.) And I want to mention it makes a big difference to be able to cut wood from your own trees completely fresh. A big, big difference… it doesn’t matter what you’re grafting.


#371

Bleeding (after I drilled and bleeding stopped) so I removed this scion. It was more than two weeks old as a bark graft. The rootstock didn’t begin bleeding after drilling, waiting 2-days - then grafting, then appx. 9-12 days after it began bleeding again. That’s the clear liquid ya see.

Cambial activity is most active the last week of May and is the best time to be bark grafting but you can continue to graft so long as the bark keeps slipping which should be ending in the next 2-3 weeks (sometime mid-late July). Another pecan I grafted 40’ from this one didn’t bleed again. I’m looking at a plump bud having pushed thru the tape.

If you look closely, all I did was peel the bark down on the rootstock; make a long, flat cut on the scion (it was a short “piece” unfortunately"); flip the scion over and shave the bark away along the top and about 1mm wide off the bottom edge that runs along the first cut. Those pictures came out clear enough to show much of this.

Dax


#372

Update on my grafts, antonovka rootstocks bench grafted and planted on 4/26. 6 weeks and today side by side comparison photos.

Adams Pearmain



Doing well.

St. Edmunds Russet



This one was slow to start but has exploded over the last few weeks.

Flower of Kent



Vigorous growth.

Grimes Golden



Sat idle after popping for several weeks but has put on good growth recently.

Turley Winesap



Didn’t pop for 5.5 weeks until I snipped off the terminal bud that was intact on the scion. Could be coincidence, not sure.

Pumpkin Sweet



Was second to last to show any signs of a take…but after 6.5 weeks it awoke with a vengeance.

King David



Strong growth so far.

Smokehouse


One of the strongest growers at 6 weeks.
Then the leaves turned black at the tips and fell off…

Probably overwatering (it was planted at the low, slower draining side of the orchard)

It is now pushing some new growth, we shall see…

Winston



Was really worried this one wouldn’t take, it sat for close to 8 weeks with no signs of popping…so I snipped the 5 bud scion back to 2 buds out of desperation…it was still plenty green inside. A matter of days later it started pushing growth… Coincidence?

Honeygold



This one popped…sat idle for a few weeks and then was chewed to bits by a gypsy moth caterpillar… doesn’t look good for this one, hasn’t pushed any new growth since.

Overall pretty happy with the progress!


#373

Looks like four or five of those are ready for you to choose which shoots will become whips, and which shoots will be removed.:sweat_smile::thinking: I think the sooner you are able to make that commitment, the more they will appreciate it…and the more they will grow this year.


#374

Thank you for the reminder :+1:


#375

And you need stakes my good grafter, friend. Birds

Dax


#376

There actually are some just out of frame (these shots are fairly close up). Always a good idea for sure.