Listing all golden yellow kiwi cultivars / types / sorts

Is the following list of gold / yellow kiwi (actinidia) complete ? Any doubles or errors ?
(Please comment)

A-19 or Enza Gold. most similar to the green kiwifruit (acidity & appearance)
Hort16A or Zespri Gold, the first variety of yellow kiwi (Zespri)
JB Gold or Kiwi Kiss, highly productive and large
Jintao or Jin Gold, highly productive, smaller than Hort16A (China)
Soreli, highly productive (Italy)
SunGold (NZ) a relative of Zespri Gold developed by Zespri;
SunGold Jumbo G3 zespri (NZ)
Belle de Chine (France) (Actinidia chinensis Chinabelle + Pollichina)
Hong Yang (China)
Auburn golden dragon. Jinnong. diploid
AU Golden Tiger.
AU Gulf Coast Gold
Golden delight (???)
Arnold (???)
Minkigold (???)
Apple shaped kiwi (Japan ?)
Tokyo Gold (Japan ?)
Bliss Yellow (?)
Golden Sunshine. Jinyang (?)

Hi, I’d like to start breeding kiwi actinidia chinensis on a large scale (to create my own super yellow kiwi) using various gold cultivars and also adding wild seeds (like Zespri did).

I would like to buy female seedlings of all the kinds currently in existence and also of wild yellow chinese actinidia plants (if they exist). And then to start breeding. Any clue about finding seedlings from China or other places ? Are all golden kiwi plants compatible for breeding ?

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Here are names catalogued by USDA over the years

Search Accessions GRIN-Global.xlsx (131.7 KB)

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All the ones I know of are on there. Note Bliss Yellow is not a ?, I had it and grew it. The ripening was too late though so I took it out last winter. @kiwinut may know some more varieties.

The USDA collection used to use chinensis for kiwis now called deliciosa so the historical selections there are not accurate. I think all the currently available ones there have the correct species listed.

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I’m not sure where you are located, but only a few of these are available in the USA. The main issue with breeding A. chinensis is chromosome numbers. There are diploid and tetraploid varieties, and deliciosa is usually hexaploid. All of them will easily cross if the bloom periods overlap.

Many of these cultivars we’re selected directly from the wild, so I’m not sure what you are going for with more wild material. The typical wild vines are very inferior to the elite selections, so not sure what they will offer that’s not in the other available cultivars.

If interploid crosses are made, lots of unexpected things can turn up, so it’s important to keep things sorted early on unless you want to spend $ on ploidy testing.

Diploids are typically earlier ripening but also bloom early, so spring frosts can be a significant problem. Tets tend to leaf out and bloom later, but also ripen later. Golden Sunshine is an exception, with later budbreak, but early ripening.

Bliss Yellow has been shown to be pentaploid and a chinensis/deliciosa cross. It’s still completely fertile, just late to ripen. AU Golden Tiger is also a pentaploid chinensis/deliciosa cross, but also produces highly fertile pollen, so ploidy may not matter. It is less hardy than other chinensis I have grown.

There are also no good tet males available, other than Bliss male. It hasn’t worked well with arguta females for creating hybrids, so there is some effort now to grow out seedlings to find more tet males. I have some Sungold seedlings that are 4x, so I should get a blooming male soon.

The diploid male that is available for Golden Dragon, Hongyang and other diploid females is CK3. Hort16A and SunGold are restricted to licensed growers, so you will not get those (legally). The Auburn varieties are patented, but should be available as tissue culture plants in the near future.

I have some seeds from Gulf Coast Gold x with Bliss male, and Golden Sunshine x Bliss male, that I can share if you want to start some 4x seedlings. Store bought fruit are mostly tet females, with 2x, 4x or 6x pollen parents, so it can be a crap shoot for getting 4x seedlings.

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Thanks for the info, Kiwinut. I need to study more to up my game, technically. :sweat_smile:
I lost my entire first batch of (20) seedlings obtained from Zespri Gold seeds 8 years ago partly due to slugs and other mysterious reasons, once they have been transfered to a garden.
I have a new batch of 30 seedlings from SunGold that are 2 years old. For testing or to b used as rootstock.

I’d like to know how Zespri did it to get the Gold and SunGold, back in the day. Their process. I’ve read they tried 50 000 specimens and spent millions of dollars doing it until they could select the champion…

My idea was to inject more wild genetic russian roulette and leave it to chance with lots of kiwi plants, hundreds of plants (my dad being a bee keeper)

and resowing various generations of seeds each year and see what comes out with a lot of different M&F plants. Including by using known cultivars as a basis to be further improved.

I would keep each kiwi plant like a tiny vine.

Thanks for the offer of seeds.

Besides the experimentation, I’ll also grow a few plants of all the various gold kiwi I can buy here (with the recommended male). I’m in France. The gold kiwi plants I’ve listed as available here often have obscure / vague names…

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Hi. Let me know how we can arrange a seed shipping. I’ll paypal you.

nb: as regards kiwi growing, my ultimate goal is to create a new cultivar of gold kiwi. My own precious delicious that I can cultivate and spread and sell and promote without anyone breathing down my neck and intervening! :smiley:

im curious about kiwi grown from seeds. i see tradewindsfruits website sells seeds and other similar ebay or etsy websites. what do people actually get from growing these seedlings?

I think the name cultivar from TC would be a better qaulity kiwi than seedlings.

also, i did NOT have a good experience with this seller but has anyone bought and grown golden kiwi from him? beside golden kiwi he tells us it not allow to make copies so i dont know what strain of golden kiwi. Golden KiWi FRUIT – CH Fruit Tree Nursery

Not familiar with this seller, but I’m highly suspicious about what he is really selling. Unless you sign a non-propagation agreement, there is nothing stopping propagation, unless patented. SunGold was stolen in China, so if that is what these are, then definitely steer clear. It would never be released to non-licensed non-commercial growers. Some of his pictures of fruit also look a bit weird shaped. Seems pretty risky considering the price $$$.

I would never trust seeds from anywhere without some good feedback regarding the pollen parent. However, I have had good luck growing seeds from store bought fruit, and had males bloom in just 18 months from Hort16A fruit several years ago. Different pollen sources may be used in different regions, so if you go that route, best to have some of the seedlings ploidy tested before you devote lots of time and resources into them. I do have SunGold seedlings growing now that were confirmed as tetraploid. The fruit was grown in Italy.

Deliciosa pollen is sometimes used, or diploid chinensis pollen. 5X seedlings are usually fully fertile, but triploids are probably not worth the trouble. I do have a nice hybrid from a triploid male pollen parent, but I may have just been lucky. Most of the offspring were aneuploid and crappy.

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thank you so much for your knowledge! Im currently growing hardy and green fuzzy kiwi. i love golden kiwi but i will wait until it is offered from more reliable nurseries.

i do think that seller got from china and is selling in CA many CA locals have bought from him. he claims on his fb he grown from many seeds and selected that particular golden kiwi and he patent or something.

I’m adding this yellow (fuzzy) kiwi to the list. (I can’t update the original post :unamused:).

Dori AC 1536 (Italy). https://www.dorikiwi.com

And an interesting read for kiwi growing / rootstock / grafting / frost protection: Actinidia chinensis, Golden Kiwifruit – Texas Opportunity or Headache? | Dave Creech

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Glad to hear more on this topic :smiley: My grow outs seem bent on garden dominion! :rofl: